information technology makes logistics take off
Wal Mart maintains the competitive advantage of "everyday parity" by continuously promoting the information logistics system. The docking of logistics and information flow directly affects the efficiency and cost of logistics. According to the goal of the 12th Five Year Plan for the development of modern logistics in our province, in 2015, the added value of logistics industry in our province will exceed 200 billion yuan, with an average annual growth of more than 13%; the ratio of total social logistics cost to GDP will decrease by more than 1%. It will be a breakthrough for Hubei to build a modern logistics industry by fully realizing the informatization of logistics industry. The inefficient "small blackboard" model covers an area of nearly one thousand mu in Wuhan's daluokou market, with wholesale stores of hardware, building materials, grain and oil. Due to the strong demand for freight distribution, rudder landing has attracted about 1200 small logistics companies to settle in. The "small blackboard" marked with vehicle and cargo information has become a major feature of the market. At 5:00 p.m. on July 26, Zhang Zhenqing, the person in charge of Wuhan Xiaogang Logistics Co., Ltd., was busy reading the phone book while answering the phone. "This is the only business we have to take today!" Zhang Zhenqing said that the company's five trucks only run in Wuhan and Shayang. A Shayang cargo owner has several boxes of electrical switches to be transported to Xiaogan. He found a small truck from Wuhan to Xiaogan in time by his personal relationship, which saved the transit time of goods and successfully accepted the order. "Most of Hubei's goods have to be transferred to Wuhan, but Wuhan's logistics information level is not high, and the information efficiency of finding cars and goods from the" small blackboard "is too low." Zhang Zhenqing said that summer is the off-season of logistics. Every day, the company's trucks almost empty to Wuhan, and then pull half a car of goods back, so that each car loses 500 yuan a day. Compared with Zhang Zhenqing, Zhang Liang, general manager of Yichang Sanyou transportation company, is much more relaxed. Zhang Liang's company settled in Aiben logistics park in Yichang last year. Because the logistics park has a logistics information trading hall, Zhang Liang avoids the trouble of "looking for goods by car, looking for cars by goods". "The logistics information of Yichang and even the whole country is on the display screen in the hall. The resources of return cars and special cars can be effectively allocated, and the problem of empty freight cars can be solved." Zhang Liang said that with the click of the mouse, he can transmit the car information to the display screen in the hall, and the drivers who have passed the integrity certification can quickly find the freight information they need through the information screen, which shortens the distribution time from 72 hours to 6 hours. Li Hongbing, person in charge of Yichang Aiben logistics park, introduced that the logistics park is a member unit of "China logistics information trading platform". It is built according to the "highway port" mode of Zhejiang ChuanHua logistics, aiming to reduce the matching search cost of "vehicles" and "goods" by means of organization, informatization and standardization. At present, the annual throughput of the logistics park is 2 million tons, and the annual trading volume of the trading platform is more than 10 billion yuan. In Xiangyang, Tianhong logistics park will strive to build an information trading platform and become a logistics hub in Northwest Hubei. Xiangyang chuangshengda Logistics Co., Ltd. has just settled in the park. Mao Jianguang, general manager of the company, believes that it is the general trend to change the information asymmetry of logistics market and develop "highway port". The Internet of things is integrated into big logistics, from the era of making money with goods to the more inventory, the worse the loss. With the rapid decline of the steel market, most of the scattered steel trading enterprises are still in the low-level operation stage of looking at and selling goods, telephone contact, manual operation and manual loading and unloading, so it is difficult to provide comprehensive logistics services for large enterprises. In Wuhan Yangluo Huarong steel logistics park, there is the largest single steel indoor warehouse in Central China, with a construction area of 34000 square meters, which can store 200000 tons of steel. The warehouse is the second five-star steel warehouse in China awarded by China Warehousing Association. "Every steel product in the warehouse has an ID card." According to Yu Huan, deputy general manager of Hubei Huarong Logistics Co., Ltd., the warehouse has realized the management of Internet of things. It has radio frequency bar code identification system and unattended information platform. All warehouse information can be monitored on mobile phone platform and network platform, and the monitoring video can be accessed in real time. The automatic recognition rate of radio frequency bar code is as high as 99.9%, and the reading time of scanning data is less than 0.1 s / piece. It takes one day to query and pick up in the conventional steel market, and only a few minutes in Huarong steel logistics park. In order to reduce the intermediate links of traditional steel sales, Hubei Huarong Logistics Co., Ltd. has invested in the construction of gangmao.com, which is similar to taobao.com, through which buyers and sellers can complete the search, order, payment, delivery, transfer and other processes. Huang Qingqing, marketing director of gangmao.com, said that the Internet of things technology makes the spot data of steel real, and steel trading convenient and transparent, which promotes the development of warehousing financial business. Pledge financing, guarantee services and other financial businesses have been launched one after another. Since the completion of the logistics park in 2011, the annual throughput of steel has reached 3.2 million tons. Kyushutong, headquartered in Han Dynasty, has become a leader in the field of domestic pharmaceutical logistics by using information technology. Zhang Qingsong, director of Jiuzhoutong logistics technology service center, said that since 2001, Jiuzhoutong has started to carry out research on modern pharmaceutical logistics process and technology. At present, Jiuzhoutong manages and operates 47 logistics centers and more than 300 distribution offices in China. The logistics network covers 80% of the administrative areas in China, with 2.1 million pieces in stock and more than 40 million pieces in annual logistics throughput. "Jiuzhoutong coding system has achieved seamless docking with the national drug administration platform, realizing the full sharing of data from production to circulation." According to Zhang Qingsong, kyushutong has independently developed more than 20 software products such as pharmaceutical logistics management system, supply chain management system and e-commerce platform, which have been successfully applied in more than 60 large-scale pharmaceutical logistics enterprises in China. In the future, pharmaceutical enterprises can realize the anti-counterfeiting and anti-counterfeiting management of permanently unrepeatable coded products. Exploring the establishment of public logistics information platform "at present, there is no public logistics information platform led by the government in China. The establishment of" China logistics information trading platform "is a spontaneous act of private enterprises, which is jointly funded and developed by more than 200 private logistics enterprises in China." Ma Ming, technical director of Wuhan Huitong Logistics Network Co., Ltd., believes that China does not pay enough attention to customers with scattered logistics needs, and the social public logistics platform needs to be improved. According to Ma Ming, Yinhe network, which is operated by the company, is the main logistics information network in Hubei Province. Yinhe network has more than 5000 network customers in the province, with an average daily amount of 20000 pieces of information. It also connects with China's logistics information trading platform and shares 400000 pieces of goods source information in the country. "It's relatively easy to build a platform for finding goods by car, but the difficulty lies in finding cars by car." Ma Ming said that the collection of truck driver information by Yinhe mainly relies on Wujiashan freight transportation center's form of "drivers swipe access cards, trade ID cards, and develop driver members". Now it has collected 100000 pieces of vehicle information from all over the country, but most small logistics parks in our province do not pay attention to the collection of driver information, so Yinhe is "walking lamely", with sufficient source information and convenient transportation Lack of information. It is understood that our province also has a platform to provide public logistics information services for small and medium-sized enterprises - China logistics online, and the provincial modern logistics joint conference office is the guidance unit of the website, but the website service ability needs to be improved. In order to promote the construction of social public logistics platform, Zhu dunyao, chairman of Wuhan Guangting Information Technology Co., Ltd., put forward the concept of "Internet of things", that is, through identification, sensing and interactive equipment, providing dynamic driving, static parking and remote control services, to realize a car centered Internet of things. Zhu dunyao said that the realization of mobile informatization is the general direction of the logistics industry. Wuhan Guangting has developed a mobile phone scanning and transmission system for goods information in logistics enterprises, a real-time monitoring system for streaming media goods in warehousing management, and a 2G / 3G + GIS platform vehicle positioning, scheduling and goods tracking system in transportation. Logistics enterprises can send and transport goods through SMS, voice, video and data transmission , receiving and other distribution processes, reduce the cost of logistics enterprises. Zhu dunyao said frankly that due to the fact that the information resources of Wuhan road and bridge etc can not be shared, and the closed "Internet of vehicles" lacks industry interaction and transaction mechanism, the platform is easy to become an information island, which leads to high business and application development costs and slows down the development speed of social public logistics platform.
2015-07-24 Read 336